Hairon Salleh and Charlene Tan
Teacher professional development plays an important role in raising the quality of teachers, teaching, and student learning – all of which are necessary to achieve the 21st century student outcomes. Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) are featured prominently in Singapore and Shanghai which are top-performing Asian societies in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2009. It is therefore pertinent to compare PLCs in both societies in implementation of PLCs. The examples of Singapore and Shanghai add to the international literature on the trend towards and implementation of teacher collaboration through PLCs.